Maurits Butter is an expert in industrial innovation policy. He graduated at the faculty of chemical engineering at the Delft University of Technology and started his career as an environmental consultant with Dutch consultancy firm Tebodin, where he was involved in the prevention of waste disposal and emissions. In 1994-1998 he worked for the Netherlands’ Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and Environment, department of Strategic Planning (VROM). In 1998 he joined TNO as senior advisor innovation policy. He is involved in the interface between technological innovation and policy, focusing on foresight studies and the non-technological aspects of technological innovation. He was the research leader for the TNO research program on “Renewal of Innovation” and now is expert in the field of connecting forward looking information and policymaking. The EU approach of Policymaking 3.0 is one of its guiding principles. As a civil servant, Mr Butter was involved in the environmental foresight study ’81 Options for a Sustainable Development’, the EU Envis project (environmental innovations in small and medium enterprises), the development of the high profile Dutch initiative for Sustainable Development (NIDO) and the inter departmental Cleaner Production programme. At TNO-STB he worked on several foresight studies, the IPTS study Cleaner Production: Opportunities for a Sustainable Economy and a project on technological innovation for environment and economy (TIME), funded by the Netherlands’ Ministry of Economic Affairs within the framework of the National Environmental Policy Plan. He also was directly involved in several projects where technological development and policy on sustainable innovation was central. Also he developed the Dynamo foresight expert system, and had a secondment to UK-DEFRA, and identified focal points for a new South Korean RTO (DGIST). He was manager of the European Foresight Monitoring Network, the Robotics 4 Healthcare assessment (EC) and the “Optics leverage” study that assessed the added value of photonics to the European economy. Today his focus is strongly on Key Enabling Technologies. In the Netherlands he is one of the key players in the development of the Smart Industry strategy (industry 4.0) and he is the scientific coordinator of the multi-KETs pilot lines project (EC). Also he participated in the KETs Observatory, the RocKETs project, the EU-Great project on financing large scale RDI initiatives (EC), the development of a KETs Road mapping tool (Flemish government) and the development of a “introduction to KETs” for the European Parliament. Presently, he is running the XS2I4MS coordination support action that is coordinating the I4MS Mentoring Programme focusing on supporting the establishment of new Digital Innovation Hubs in Europe.